Observing 15./16.8.2015

Date: 15./16.8.2015
Time: 23:30-03:30
Observing site: Stormälö, Parainen, Finland
Instrument: N250/1200 mm (10” refractor)

NELM: 6.0
SQM: 20.8
Darkness of the background sky: 2
Seeing: 2
Transparency: –
Weather: Clear sky, warm, calm, noctilucent clouds and northern lights at low altitude in northern sky

Objects observed: NGC 6751, NGC 6755, NGC 6910

Summer 2015 has been mostly extremely rainy, cold and miserable, except for August! In August we had an unique chance to enjoy the most beautiful and warm weather during the days and clear skies (without the Moon!) during the nights as long as for two weeks in a row! During this period of nice weather, I went out observing as much as I could!

During the between 15th and 16th of August I drove again in long time to my dark sky -observing site in Parainen, about 20 km south of Turku. When I arrived at the place, I immediately noticed something unexpected in the northern sky, northern lights! In August! And the sky wasn’t even properly dark yet! I had come to this place for visual deep sky observing, but I had to change the plan because of this unexpected sight! I started to take photos of the aurorae, and later I was able to witness even more unexpected sight – noctilucent clouds appeared in the northern sky at low altitude! Northern lights and noctilucent clouds, together in the sky! I cannot remember that I would have observed these phenomenae together in the sky ever before!

The observing place is a large, open sand pit, and during the days it is being used as a motocross -track. Nearby is also a holiday resort/restaurant, rental cabins and a harbour for small boats. The only source of light pollution is the city of Turku, which makes a light pollution dome in the northern sky. Otherwise the sky is pretty dark. Usually there are now local light pollution sources – except for this time! There was some insect collector with his light trap in the southern edge of the sand pit! Luckily the light beam of his light trap was aimed so that it didin’t cause any trouble to me! Also there was some local noise pollution as there was party group playing loud music and making noises nearby in some of the rental cabins.

Nevertheless, I was also able to do some visual deep sky observing – which was my original reason to come to this place! During the night I observed three objects, which were: NGC 6751, NGC 6755 and NGC 6910.

Here are my notes about these objects:

NGC 6751

NGC 6751 is a small planetary nebula in the constellation of Aquila.

Here are my notes of my observation: @80x: small and faint disk, a little bit elongated, long axis in NW-SE -direction. OIII makes the object visible a little bit better.

NGC 6751 observed with 10'' Newton
NGC 6751 observed with 10” Newton

NGC 6755

NGC 6755 is an open cluster in the constellation of Aquila.

Here are my notes of my observation: @80x: faint, rather small, scattered cluster, not concentrated. The stars are in 3-4 clumps, center of the cluster seems to be empty. There is a glow in the background of the starclumps.

NGC 6755 observed with 10'' Newton
NGC 6755 observed with 10” Newton

NGC 6910

NGC 6910 is an open cluster in the constellation of Cygnus.

Here are my notes of my observation: @160x: a small, compact, concentrated cluster. Most of the stars 7-10 magnitudes, relatively poor. The starsof the cluster are in a shape of an arc which is opening to NE. Near Gamma Cygni.

NGC 6910 observed with 10'' Newton
NGC 6910 observed with 10” Newton

***

All in all, the night was very good! The sky was already considerably dark (NELM 6.0, SQM 20.8), it was dry and warm, obsrving was very pleasent! And also the aurorae and noctilucent clouds were just added bonus to the night!

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Noctilucent clouds meets Northern lights 15./16.8.2015

Observed phenomena: Noctilucent clouds, northern lights

Noctilucent clouds
Observed NLC forms:

  • I (Veil)
  • IIa (Bands with diffuse, blurred edges)
  • IIIa (Short, straight and narrow streaks)
  • IVa (Whirls with small angular radius (0.1 – 0.5 degrees))

Brightness of the NLCs: 4 (NLC very bright and attracting the attention of casual observers)
Elevation: ~2°

Date: 15./16.8.2015
Time: 21:05-23:45 UT
Observing place: Parainen, Finland
Observing method: Photography, visual
Technical information about photographing equipment: Canon EOS 1100D + Tamron 10-24mm zoom lens
Observing conditions: Clear sky, no Moon

Northern lights

Observed phenomena: Aurora borealis
Date: 15./16.8.2015
Time: 20:30-00:15 UT
Observing place: Parainen, Finland
Observing method: Photography, visual
Technical information about photographing equipment: Canon EOS 1100D + Tamron 10-24mm zoom lens
Observing conditions: Clear sky, no Moon
Observed aurora forms:

  • Arc
  • Band
  • Rays

Elevation: 30 degrees
Brightness of the aurora: 3 (1-5)

During the night between 15th and 16th of August I drove to Parainen, my dark sky -site near Turku in order to observe deep sky objects visually with my large dobson. When I arrived at the site, a surprising sight was welcoming me in the northern sky, northern lights! This was quite exceptional, as northern lighs aren’t that regular sight in southern part of Finland, and especially not in August!

The display of northern lights was dominated by an aurora arc/band in northern sky. At irregular intervals, the band activated and got a bit brighter, also some fine aurora rays were present with the band! The maximum altitude of the northern lights was about 30 degrees.

The display became even more unusual, when also another phenomenon of high atmosphere appeared in the sky with the northern lights, noctilucent clouds! The NLC’s were at very low altitude in the northern horizon, but they were bright and clearly visible! I cannot remember having observed northern lights together with noctilucent clouds ever bofere this co-appearance of these phenomenae!

Noctilucent clouds 23./24.7.2015

Observed phenomena: Noctilucent clouds
Observed NLC forms:

  • I (Veil)
  • IIa (Bands with diffuse, blurred edges)
  • IIIa (Short, straight and narrow streaks)
  • IIIb (Wave-like structure with undulations)
  • IVb ( Simple curve(s) with angular radius of 3 – 5 degrees)
  • IVc (Large-scale whirls)
  • 0 (A form which does not fit into types I – IV)
  • V (A net-like structure)

Brightness of the NLCs: 4 (NLC very bright and attracting the attention of casual observers)

Elevation: ~60°

Date: 23./24.7.2015
Time: 21:05-21:40 UT
Observing place: Ulvila, Finland
Observing method: Photography, visual
Technical information about photographing equipment: Sony Xperia Z1 Compact -smartphone camera

During the night between 23rd and 24th of July very bright noctilucent clouds appeared in the sky of Finland! The NLC’s were visible already before midnight! During the night, I was observing in near town of Ulvila, Western Finland, but clouds interfered severy my observing session. I was taking photos just with my smartphone camera, because the clouds were slowly but surely coming, and I wanted to get at least some photos! The NLC’s were very bright, and they were consisted of all kinds of forms, mainly waves. Despite the clouds, I could observe, that the NLC’s were extending from western sky to east, and their maximum altitude was about 60 degrees.

New season of noctilucent clouds has started!

Observed phenomena: Noctilucent clouds
Observed NLC forms:

  • I (Veil)
  • IIa (Bands with diffuse, blurred edges)
  • IIIa (Short, straight and narrow streaks)
  • IVc (Large-scale whirls)

Brightness of the NLCs: 3 (NLC clearly visible, standing out sharply against the twilight sky.)

Elevation: 150°

Date: 01./02.7.2015
Time: 21:45-22:15 UT
Observing place: Ulvila, Finland
Observing method: Photography
Technical information about photographing equipment: Canon EOS 1100D, Samyang 8mm fish eye -lens

The NLC season of 2015 has started! I observed my first NLC’s for this year in the night between 1st and 2nd of June 2015. The NLC’s covered pretty much the whole sky! They extended from northern sky all the way to the southern wky, where only the shadow of the Earth was limiting the visibility of the NLC’s. The most dominant NLC forms in this display were belts and large scale whirls. Aslo some wave-stacks were visible.

Great display of noctilucent clouds over Finland

I observed a bright display of noctilucent clouds over sky of Turku, SW Finland in the night between 23./24. of July 2014. I spotted the clouds already at 20:30 UT when sky was still considerably light. I walked to my observing site, and I was greeted with a magnificent all sky display of noctilucent clouds! The noctilucent clouds just got brighter as the night proceeded. During the deepest twilight of Finnishs summer night, the night shining clouds were evolving quickly and developing all kinds of complex structure and forms! The noctilucent clouds were still visible when I went sleeping at about 00:00 UT.

Bright noctilucent clouds 11./12.7.2014

Observed phenomena: Noctilucent clouds
Observed NLC forms:

  • I (Veil)
  • IIa (Bands with diffuse, blurred edges)
  • IIb (Bands with sharply defined edges)
  • IIIa (Short, straight and narrow streaks)
  • IIIb (Wave-like structure with undulations)
  • IVa (Whirls with small angular radius (0.1 – 0.5 degrees))
  • IVb (Simple curve(s) with angular radius of 3 – 5 degrees)
  • IVc (Large-scale whirls)
  • 0 (A form which does not fit into types I – IV)
  • S (NLC with bright ‘knots’)
  • P (Billows crossing a band)

Brightness of the NLCs: 4 (NLC very bright and attracting the attention of casual observers)

Elevation: 130°

Date: 11./12.7.2014
Time: 22:00-00:00 UT
Observing place: Turku, Finland
Observing method: Photography
Technical information about photographing equipment: Canon EOS 1100D, Canon EF-S 18-55mm

A very bright all-sky NLC display appeared in the sky of Turku in the night between 11th and 12th of July 2014! During the night, the NLC’s extended long way to the southern sky, only the shadow of Earth was limiting the visibility of NLC’s. In this display, practically all kinds of NLC forms were visible. The display was dominated by a persistent fan-like structure formed by NLC belts which was opening from northeastern sky. Some belts in western sky reached brightness 5, which is the highest brightness in the brightness scale used with noctilucent clouds. The NLC’s were also very persistent, and it took long time for them to vanish completely to the sunrise. I noticed the NLC’s at 22:00 UT and they were visible still at 01:00 UT, when sky was already very light!.

Bright noctilucent clouds in the sky of Turku 19./20.7.2013

Observed phenomena: Noctilucent clouds
Observed NLC forms:

I (Veil)
IIb (Bands with sharply defined edges)
IIIa (Waves, short, straight and narrow streaks)
IVb: Simple curve(s) with angular radius of 3 – 5 degrees

Brightness of the NLCs: 4 (very bright and attracting the attention of casual observers)

Date: 19./20.7.2013
Time: 00:50-02:15
Observing place: Turku, Finland
Observing method: Photography
Technical information about photographing equipment: Canon EOS 1100D, Canon EF-S 18-55mm IS, Samyang 8mm fish eye

A bright display of noctilucent clouds was observed in the sky of Turku, Finland in the night between 19th and 20th of July, 2013. I was observing the display in the Luolavuori -hill, which is situated few kilometres south from Turku downtown. From the hill, the horizon is totally open to every direction!

On that night, there were two detached NLC areas in the northern sector of the sky. The NLC’s covered the northern half of the sky from west to east, ant the maximum altitude of the NLC’s was about 40°. Especially the NLC area located in the northeastern-eastern sky was very bright. The dominating NLC forms were veil (I), sharp bands (IIb) and short and straight waves (IIIa). These late-July NLC displays are usually very nice to observe, because the background sky is already getting darker, and the NLC’s stand out very clearly from the sky!